Question 1 Name 2 types of crops?
Question 2 What are kharif crops. Give example?
Question 3 What are rabi crops. Give example?
Question 4 Define the term agriculture?
Question 5 If wheat is own in kharif season, what would happen. Explain?
Types of Crops
Based on the seasons all the crops are categorised into two main groups:
- Kharif crops
- Rabi crops
The crops which are sown in the rainy season are called kharif crops.
The sowing for kharif crop starts in June-July at the beginning of south-west monsoon because these crops need substantial amount of water.
The kharif crops are harvested at the end of monsoon season during September or October.
For Example: Paddy, maize, millet, soyabean, groundnut, cotton.
Paddy is grown only in rainy season because it requires a lot of water.
If wheat is sown in the kharif season, it will not grow well. This is because wheat plants cannot tolerate too much water of the rainy season.
The crops grown in the winter season are called rabi crops.
The time period of rabi crops is generally from october-march.
The sowing for rabi crops beings at the beginning of winter and the crops are harvested by march or april.
For Example: wheat, gram, peas, mustard, linseed etc.
The growing of plants or crops in the field for obtaining food is called agriculture.
Other Notes from Chapter 1 Crop Production and Management
- Preparation of Soil
- Crop Rotation
- Methods of Irrigation
- Storage of Food Grains