Question 1 Define the term crop?
Question 2 Give 2 examples of cereal crops?
Question 3 Give 2 examples of pulses?
Question 4 Give 2 examples of oil seeds?
Green plants can synthesise their food by the process of photosynthesis by using inorganic substances like carbon dioxide, water in the presence of sunlight.
Man and other animals cannot make food by photosynthesis, they need readymade organic food nutrients like carbohydrates, fats and proteins for their growth and development.
When the same kind of plants are grown in the fields on a large scale to obtain food like cereals, pulses, vegetables and fruits, is called a Crop.
For Example: A crop of wheat means that all the plants grown in the field are that of wheat.
A crop of rice means that all the plants grown in the field are that of rice.
Crops are grown in the soil in the fields by farmers.
Examples of cereal crops
Cereal crops : Wheat, paddy, maize, millet, barley.
Examples of pulses
Pulses: Gram, Peas, beans
Examples of Oil Seeds
Oil seeds: Mustard, groundnut, sunflower
Examples of Vegetables
Vegetables: Tomato, cabbage, spinach.
Examples of Fruits
Fruits: Banana, grapes, mango, orange, apple.
Other Notes from Chapter 1 Crop Production and Management
- Types of Crops
- Preparation of Soil
- Crop Rotation
- Methods of Irrigation
- Storage of Food Grains