Question 1 State the characteristics of chemical reaction?
Question 2 Give an example of chemical reaction characterised by evolution of gas?
Question 3 Give an example of chemical reaction characterised by formation of precipitate?
Question 4 Give an example of chemical reaction characterised by change in colour?
Question 5 Give an example of chemical reaction characterised by change in temperature?
Question 6 Give an example of chemical reaction characterised by change in state?
Question 7 What happen when dilute HCl reacts with sodium carbonate?
Characteristics of Chemical Reaction
(1) Evolution of Gas
Some chemical reactions are characterised by the evolution of gas.
(i) Reaction between zinc and dilute sulphuric acid to form hydrogen gas.
(ii) Reaction between sodium carbonate and dilute hydrochloric acid to form carbon dioxide gas.
(2) Formation of Precipitate
Some chemical reactions are characterised by the formation of precipitate.
(i) Reaction between Potassium iodide and lead nitrate to form yellow precipitate of lead iodide.
(ii) Reaction between sulphuric acid and barium chloride to form white precipitate of barium sulphate.
(3) Change in Colour
Some chemical reactions are characterised by change in colour
(i) When citric acid reacts with potassium permanganate (purple) then purple colour disappears.
(ii) When sulphur dioxide gas reacts with acidified potassium dichromate, change in colour from orange to yellow is observed.
(4) Change in Temperature
Those reactions in which heat is produced or evolved are called exothermic reactions.
Reaction between zinc granules with dilute sulphuric acid.
Those reactions in which heat is absorbed are called as endothermic reactions.
Reaction between barium hydroxide and ammonium chloride to form barium chloride, ammonia and water.
(5) Change of State
Some chemical reactions are characterised by change in state.
when wax (solid) is burned, then water(liquid) and carbon dioxide(gas) are formed.
|Other topics from Chapter 1 Chemical Reaction and Equation|
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