Detailed explanation of “The Sound of Music”, including definitions of difficult words. In addition, the explanation is followed by a lesson summary. Also, NCERT Question and Answers are also provided to help students understand this Chapter and do well in their exams.
- 1 Introduction – Evelyn Glennie Listens to sound Without Hearing It
- 2 Summary – Evelyn Glennie Listens to sound Without Hearing It
- 3 Extra Questions – Evelyn Glennie Listens to sound Without Hearing It
- 4 Introduction – (II) The Shehnai Of Bismillah Khan
- 5 Extra Questions – (II) The Shehnai Of Bismillah Khan
- 6 Word Meaning
Introduction – Evelyn Glennie Listens to sound Without Hearing It
The chapter is divided into two parts. Both deal with aspects of music and the legendary musicians who achieved excellence in their respective fields.
Part I – This part is about the famous multi-percussionist, Evelyn Glennie. Evelyn became deaf at a young age. However, she worked hard to learn music and became one of the world’s most famous multi-percussionist. She has won many awards. She is a role model for the handicapped people. She was honoured with the Royal Philharmonic Society’s prestigious Soloist of the year Award.
Summary – Evelyn Glennie Listens to sound Without Hearing It
A little girl of about seventeen years was nervous for the coming train. It was her first day at the famous Royal Academy of Music in London. She was deaf. So she was facing a bigger challenge in life. Evelyn Glennie was from Scotland. Evelyn lost her sense of hearing gradually at a young age. It was first noticed by her mother, Isabel Glennie, when Evelyn was eight years old. However, Evelyn managed to hide her growing deafness from her friends and teachers for a long time. But when she was eleven years old her performance in school became worse. Her headmistress advised her parents to take her to a specialist. The specialist conformed her deafness due to a gradual nerve damage and asked her parents to get her fitted with hearing aids. He also told them to send her to the school for the deaf.
Despite her deafness, Evelyn was determined to lead a normal life and pursue her interest in music. One day, she noticed a girl playing a xylophone and decided to learn to play it. Most of the teachers discouraged Evelyn but the percussionist Ron Forbes recognised her potential. He supported Evelyn in achieving her goal. He told her to listen it not through ears but sense it some other way. Evelyn said that suddenly she could feel the higher and lower drums differently. Suddenly, Evelyn realised that she could feel the higher drum from the waist up and the lower one from the waist down. Later, she discovered that she could sense the vibrations in different parts of her body. She had learnt to open her mind and body to the sounds and vibrations.
Evelyn joined a youth orchestra and toured the United Kingdom with them. When she was sixteen, she decided to make music her life. She auditioned for the Royal Academy of Music and scored one of the highest marks in the history of the academy. She gradually left the orchestral work and started giving solo performances. At the end of her three year course, she had received most of the top awards. She became the world’s most famous multi-percussionist with a mastery over some thousand instruments. She speaks Scottish flawlessly and also learnt French and Japanese. In 1991, she was honoured with the Royal Philharmonic society’s prestigious Soloist of the year Award.
Apart from the regular concerts, she gives free concerts in prisons and hospitals and takes classes tor young musicians. She delights her audiences and has given great pleasure to millions. She has promoted percussion to the front of the orchestra. She has given an inspiration to the handicapped people.
Extra Questions – Evelyn Glennie Listens to sound Without Hearing It
(1) How did Evelyn become able to sense different notes?
(2) What did Evelyn say about sensing the music?
(3) When was Evelyn deafness first noticed? When and how was it confirmed?
(4) How did percussionist Ron Forbes help Evelyn in her career?
(5) What did Evelyn do after the advice of percussionist Ron Forbes?
(6) What was so ‘magical’ about Evelyn getting to the top?
(7) What was Evelyn attitude toward the music?
(8) How did Evelyn feel or sense music despite her deafness?
(9) How is Evelyn an inspiration for the specially abled people in the world?
(10) What lies behind Evelyn’s success? How does she acknowledge it ?
(11) “Evelyn confesses that she is something of a workaholic” Explain the statement ?
(12) What special achievement did Evelyn have in the history of Royal Academy?
(13) Why did Evelyn use to remove her shoes on a wooden platform?
(14) How does Evelyn’s life become a source of inspiration for the handicapped?
Introduction – (II) The Shehnai Of Bismillah Khan
Emperor Aurangzeb banned the playing of the pungi (a musical instrument) in the royal palace. The reason was that it had a sharp and unpleasant sound. A barber who belonged to a family of professional musicians decided to improve the tonal quality of the pungi. He took a pipe with a natural hollow Stem. It was longer and broader than the pungi. He made seven holes on its body. When it was played by closing and opening some of these holes, soft and melodious sounds were produced. Everyone was impressed when he played the instrument in the palace.
As the instrument was first played in the Shah’s (King’s) chambers and was played by a nai (a barber), it was named as the ‘shehnai. The sound of the shehnai gradually became popular and it started to be considered auspicious with time. It is still played in temples and at weddings in North India. In the past, the shehnai was part of the naubat or the traditional group of nine instruments found at Royal Courts.
As a five year old Bismillah Khan played gilli-danda near a pond in Dumraon in Bihar.He would go to the nearby Bihariji temple. There he would sing the Bhojpuri chaita. Bismillah Khan was born on 21st March, 1916 in a well-known family of musicians in Dumraon, Bihar. His grandfather, Rasool Bux Khan, was the shehnai-nawaz of the Bhojpur king’s Court. His father, Paigambar Bux and other ancestors were great shehnai players.
Bismillah got interested in music at a small age. His mother took him to maternal uncle’s house in Benaras (now Varanasi) when he was three years old. He was fascinated by watching his uncle, Ali Bux playing the shehnai. Soon, he started accompanying his uncle to the Vishnu temple of Benaras where he was employed to play shehnai. Gradually, he started getting lessons on playing the shehnai. He practised playing it in the temples of Balaji and Mangala Maiya and at the banks of the river Ganja. The flowing waters of the Ganga inspired him to invent new raagas. He accompanied his uncle to the Allahabad Music Conference at the age of fourteen. Ustad Faiyaz Khan was impressed by his performance and encouraged him to work hard to achieve his goal.
Bismillah Khan got the first big break with the opening of the All India Radio in Lucknow in 1938. Soon he became a popular shehnai player on the radio. Bismillah became the first Indian to greet the nation with his shehnai on 15th August, 1947 when India gained independence. He played Shehnai from the Red Fort in front of an audience including Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru. He gave many memorable performances in India and abroad. His first trip to abroad was to Afghanistan where King Zahir Khan became impressed by his performance and gifted him his priceless Persian carpets and other things.
Film director Vijay Bhatt named a film ‘Goonj Uthi Shehnai’ after he was fascinated on hearing Bismillah playing the shehnai at a festival. One of Bismillah Khan’s compositions in the film ‘Dil Ka Khilona Hai Toot Gaya’ became a national chartbuster.
Bismillah only gave music in two films-Goonj Uthi Shehnai and a Kannada film Sanadhi Apanna. This was because he did not like the artificiality and glamour of the film world. Ustad Bismillah Khan was the first Indian to be invited to perform at the prestigious Lincoln Centre Hall in the USA. He also took part in The World Exposition in Montreal, Cannes Art Festival and the Osaka Trade Fair. He became so popular internationally that an auditorium in Tehran was named after him.
Bismillah received the National awards like the Padma Shri, the Padma Bhushan and the Padma Vibhushan. In 2001, he was awarded the India’s highest civilian award, the Bharat Ratna. He recommended Indians to teach the music to their children as it is Hindustan’s richest tradition. Bismillah Khan travelled to many countries, but he was extremely fond of Benaras and Dumraon. These remained the most wonderful towns of the world for him. He also refused one of his student’s offer to head a Shehnai school in the USA by saying that he could not find the Ganga there. His life is a perfect example of the rich, cultural heritage and secularity of India.
Extra Questions – (II) The Shehnai Of Bismillah Khan
(1) How was the instrument christened shehnai?
(2) Where did the shehnai get its due place and why?
(3) Discuss the achievements of Bismillah Khan as a Shehnai maestro?
(4) Mention the event that used to take place regularly when Bismillah was five years old?
(5) Describe the family members of Bismillah Khan?
(6) How did Bismillah get the first lesson in the playing of the Shehnai?
(7) What did Ustad Faiyaz Khan say to Bismillah?
(8) Where was Bismillah’s first journey to abroad ? What impact did it leave there?
(9) What did Bismillah say after getting the Bharat Ratna award?
(10) Which were the most beautiful towns for Bismillah Khan? Why?
(11) Why and how was Bismillah a perfect example of India’s culture heritage?
(12) Who was the creator of Shehnai?
(13) How and by whom was the musicial instrument pungi improved?
(14) Describe Bismillah Khan as a boy in Dumraon?
(15) What prize did boy Bismillah Khan earn? Why was he given this prize?
(16) How did Bismillah Khan bring Shehnai on the international scene ?
(17) Where did Bismillah Khan practice for hours ?
|rush hour||the usual hours of going to office and returning from the office when there is a lot of traffic.|
|deteriorated||started to become poorer|
|pursue||to carry on with one’s interest in something|
a person who plays the tabla or drum etc.
one whom people like and want very much.
|intriguing||fascinating and curious|
|flawlessly||without a fault or mistake|
|lilt||a way of speaking|
|tingles||causes a slight pricking or stinging sensation|
(informal) a person who finds it difficult to stop working
|generic name||a name given to a class or group as a whole|
|revived||to get back to life or use|
promising to bring good fortune
|indispensable||something that is an important part of anything|
|ensemble||a group of things|
|paternal ancestors||ancestors of the father|
|accompanying||to go together or be together|
|haunts||places visited more often|
|improvise||to do a thing in a new and in a different way|
|souvenirs||things given in the memory of something|
|celluloid||the world of cinema|
|ventures||a risky task|
that involves artificial things
|exceedingly||beyond the limits|
|devout||strong believer of a religion|
|prolonged||that lasts for a long time|