Detailed explanation of “A Truly Beautiful Mind”, including definitions of difficult words. In addition, the explanation is followed by a lesson summary. Also, NCERT Question and Answers are also provided to help students understand this Chapter and do well in their exams.
The chapter recounts the life of Albert Einstein, the greatest scientist of the 20th century. Einstein was considered unusual by his mother. He was highly skilled in mathematics and physics. After graduating in 1900, he worked as a technical expert in 1902 where he assessed other people’s inventions and secretly developed his own ideas. He became world famous after he published his General Theory of Relativity in 1915.He was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1921. He worked for world peace and democracy in the later years of his life.
Albert Einstein was born on 14th March 1879 in the city named Ulm in Germany. His mother thought that he was a freak (abnormal) because unlike other children, he had a large head. He was unable to speak even at the age of two and a halt years.
When he started speaking, he spoke everything twice. Einstein did not like the company of friends. His friends called him Brother Boring’ .He played by himself with mechanical toys. At school, he did not do well. Einstein learnt to play the violin at the age of six and later became an amateur violinist.
Einstein went to high school in Munich where his family had moved. He was a good student and scored good marks in every subject. Einstein did not like the strict discipline of the school and often had arguments with his teachers. He left the school at the age of 15 years. His parents shifted to Milan but Einstein continued his schooling in Switzerland. Einstein was extraordinary in mathematics and had an interest in physics. After finishing school, he decided to study at a university in Zurich. Einstein graduated at the age of 21 in the year 1900. At the university in Zurich, Einstein fell in love with a Serbian girl named Mileva Maric. The university in Zurich was one of the few universities in Zurich where women could get degrees. Therefore she had come to Switzerland.
At the age of 21 , Albert Einstein got his university degree. He worked as a teaching assistant and gave private lessons. He got a job as a technical expert in the patent office in Bern in 1902. At the same time, he developed his own ideas secretly. He published his Special Theory of Relativity in 1905, according to which time and distance are not absolute. From this theory, he derived the world’s most famous formula which described the relationship between mass and energy, E = mc2. (where E is energy, m is mass and c is the speed of the light in a vacuum)
Mileva Maric was an intelligent girl. Einstein wanted to marry her but his mother was against it. She thought that Mileva was too old for Einstein. However, Einstein married her in 1903. They had two sons but their marriage failed and they finally got divorced in 1919. Einstein married his cousin Elsa in the same year. Einstein’s new chapter brought him world fame. In 1915, he published his General Theory of Relativity. It gave a new interpretation of gravity. An eclipse of the sun in 1919 proved his theory correct. He became famous as his work was considered as a scientific revolution. He received the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1921.
Einstein emigrated (moved) to the United States when the Nazis came to power in 1933. The process of nuclear fission was discovered in Berlin in 1938. The American physicists feared that the Nazis would build an atomic bomb. On 2nd August, 1939 Einstein wrote a letter to the American President, Franklin D. Roosevelt about the massive destruction that can be caused by a single atomic bomb. But his warning was ignored. The Americans developed the atomic bomb secretly and dropped it on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August 1945 during the World War II.
Einstein was very upset about the huge destruction caused by the atomic bomb. So, he wrote a long official letter to the United Nations in which he proposed the formation of a world government. But, this did not have any effect. He continued to work tor world peace and democracy and involved himself more in politics in the coming years. He campaigned to end the arms build up. He died in 1955 at the age of 76. He was admired for being a visionary, a world citizen and a scientific genius.
(1) When and where was Albert Einstein born?
(2) How was Albert Einstein uncommon as a child? How did he spend his time?
(3) What did Albert Einstein mother think during and after his birth? Why?
(4) Why did Albert Einstein play by himself in his childhood?
(5) How did Albert Einstein perform in high school?
(6) Who was Mileva Maric? Why did she come to Switzerland?
(7) What was Einstein ” Special Theory of Relativity” about?
(8) How was Einstein’s private life unravelling after he finished his studies?
(9) What remarkable incident happened in the life of Einstein in 1921?
(10) Why did Einstein leave school at the age of 15 ?
(11) Write a short note on the education of Albert Einstein?
(12) Write down the details of education Of Albert Einstein?
(13) How did Albert Einstein show some symptoms of his greatness as child?
(14) What opinion did headmaster have about Albert Einstein?
(15) What kind of married life did Albert Einstein have with Mileva?
(16) When did Einstein receive the Nobel Prize? How was it Acknowledged ?
(17) What did Albert write to the American President in 1993?
(18) What did Albert Einstein do for the world peace?
(19) Describe Einstein’s contribution in the field of science?
(20) Einstein was a scientist ? Why do you think he turned to politics in later years?
|civil servant||a government employee|
|took the world by storm||became a sudden success|
|ground-breaking||pioneering, completely new|
branch of science Concerning with electricity and magnetism
destined for greatness
|likely to achieve greatness in the future|
|on the contrary||
quite the reverse
|freak||an abnormal person|
|brother boring||a person who is not interesting|
|in order||okay / at the proper place.|
|make a success||be successful|
|gifted||having an exceptional ability in a particular subject|
|amateur||doing something for pleasure only rather than as a profession.|
|liberal||respecting all opinions|
|walrus moustache||a moustache that is long and hangs down at both sides of the mouth|
|clever creature||smart person|
|Serb||a person from Serbia|
|ally||friend or supporter|
|philistines||people who don’t like art or culture.|
|constantly at odds||always in conflict|
|couple||a man and a woman who are married or are in a romantic relationship|
|patent office||a government office certifying new inventions|
|unravelling||starting to fail|
|book like you||a bookworm like you|
|put the wedding off||postponed the wedding|
|faltered||to become weak|
|intellectual ambition||interest in scholarly work|
|chapter||a distinctive period in a person’s life|
|deflected||changed direction on hitting something|
|area of effect|
|the press||newspapers and journalists|
a ruling party in Germany led by Adolf Hitler which in Germany
|in an uproar||very upset|
an extreme system of government
|public missive||a long and official open letter|
|decade||a period of ten years|
an increase in something over time
a person who can think about the future in an original and intelligent way
|world citizen||a person who thinks for the benefit of the whole world|