Atoms and elements

By | July 19, 2016

Question 1 Define atoms?

Question 2 What is atomic radius?

Question 3 What do you mean by symbol of an element?

Question 4 Name the unit in which the radius of an atom is usually expressed?

ATOMS

All the matter is made up of atoms.

An atom is the smallest particle of an element that can take part in a chemical reaction.

Atoms of most of the elements are very reactive and do not exist in free state but in combination with atoms of same elements or another element.

The size of an atom is indicated by its ATOMIC RADIUS.

Hydrogen atom is the smallest atom of all.

Atoms are so small that we can not see them even under the most powerful optical microscope.

SYMBOLS OF ELEMENTS

A symbol is a thing which represents or stands for something else.

Dalton was the first scientist to use the symbols to represent elements in a short way.

Symbols given by dalton:

dalton symbols

 

J.J..BERZEIUS of sweden proposed that first letter or another letter of the name of an element be used as its symbol.

The names and symbols are approved by IUPAC(International union of Pure And Applied Chemistry)

symbols

 

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