Conservation of forests and wildlife

Question 1 What are the adverse effects of deforestation?

Question 2 Why we should conserve forests and wildlife ?

Question 3 What measures should be taken for the conservation of forests and wildlife?

Question 4 Name the three types of protected areas which have been earmarked for the conservation of forests and wildlife?

The adverse effect of deforestation is the destruction of natural habitat of wild animals.It poses a serious threat to the survival of wild animals and their natural environment.The large scale poaching(killing)of wild animals residing in the forests by man is also a big threat to the survival of many animals and bird species.

We should conserve forests and wildlife to preserve biodiversity to prevent endangered species from becoming extinct,and to maintain ecological balance in nature.

Some of the measures which can be taken for the conservation of forests and wildlife are given below:

1)The unauthorised felling of forest trees for timber trade and fire-wood should be stopped  immediately.This is because depletion of forests destroys the natural habitat of wild animals and birds and exposes them to the cruelty of man as well as nature.

2)For every acre of forest cut down,an equal area of land should be planted with sapling of trees to make up for the loss in the long run.

3)The natural habitat of wild animals should be preserved by establishing conservation areas such as biosphere reserves,wildlife sanctuaries and national parks where the wild animals can flourish in natural surrounding protected from the outside world.

4)A total ban be imposed on the poaching or capturing of any wild animals or birds.

There are three protected areas which have been established by the government for the conservation of forest and wild animals.These are :

1)Biosphere Reserve

2)Wildlife  Sanctuaries

3)National parks

The human activities such as cutting of forest trees,cultivation of crops,plantations,grazing of cattles, hunting and poaching of wild animals are prohibited in these protected areas.The purpose of establishing several biosphere reserve,wildlife  Sanctuaries and national park in India is to conserve wild animals and their natural surrounding so as to maintain a healthy balance in nature,and to prevent the extinction of endangered wild animals.

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