Chapter 1 Nutrition In Plants

Class 7 | Science | Chapter 1 | Nutrition In Plants | NCERT Solutions

Nutrition in Plants

Question 1. Why do organisms take food?

Answer 1 All organisms need to take food to get energy for the growth, development, maintenance of their bodies, it provides immunity against diseases etc.

2. Distinguish between a parasite and a saprotroph?

Answer 2

Parasite Saprophyte
They feed on living organism. They feed on dead and decaying organism.
They use intracellular digestion. They use extracellular digestion.
For ex: Cuscuta For ex: Mushroom, bacteria

Question 3. How would you test the presence of starch in leaves?

Answer 3 Take a green potted plant.Keep the plant in a dark room for two to three days so that all the starch gets used up.Now cover a portion of leaf with a black strip paper and keep the plant in sunlight for about six hours.Pluck the leaf from the plant. Dip the leaf in boiling water for a few minutes.After this, immerse it in a beaker containing alcohol. Now dip the leaf in a dilute solution of iodine for a few minutes. Take out the leaf and rinse off the iodine solution. You observe that the presence of starch in various areas of the leaf which was uncovered.Iodine test is used to detect the presence of starch in leaves.

Question 4. Give a brief description of the process of synthesis of food in green plants.

Answer 4 Green plants synthesise their own food by the process of photosynthesis.The leaves have a green pigment called chlorophyll which helps them to capture the energy of the sunlight.In the presence of sunlight, carbon dioxide and water combine to form glucose and oxygen is released.

photosynthesis

Question 5. Show with the help of a sketch that plants are the ultimate source of food.

Answer 5

Plants are the ultimate source of food

Question 6. Fill in the blanks:

(a) Green plants are called _________________ since they synthesise their own food.

(b) The food synthesised by plants is stored as _________________.

(c) In photosynthesis solar energy is absorbed by the pigment called ___________.

(d) During photosynthesis plants take in ______ and release________ gas.

Answer 6 (a) Green plants are called autotrophs since they synthesise their own food.

(b) The food synthesised by the plants is stored as starch.

(c) In photosynthesis solar energy is captured by the pigment called Chlorophyll.

(d) During photosynthesis plants take in carbon dioxide and release oxygen gas.

Question 7. Name the following:

(i) A parasitic plant with yellow, slender and branched stem.

(ii) A plant that is partially autotrophic.

(iii) The pores through which leaves exchange gases.

Answer 7 (i) A parasitic plant with yellow, slender and tubular stem – Cuscuta

(ii) A plant that is partially autotrophic – Pitcher plant, Venus flytrap.

(iii) The pores through which leaves exchange gases – Stomata

Question 8. Tick the correct answer:

(a) Amarbel is an example of:

(i) autotroph (ii) parasite (iii) saprotroph (iv) host

(b) The plant which traps and feeds on insects is:

(i) Cuscuta (ii) china rose (iii) pitcher plant (iv) rose

Answer 8 (ii) parasite

(iv) pitcher plant

Question 9. Match the items given in Column I with those in Column II:

Column I                   Column II

Chlorophyll                 Rhizobium

Nitrogen                     Heterotrophs

Cuscuta                      Pitcher plant

Animals                      Leaf

Insects                       Parasite

Answer 9

Column I                   Column II

Chlorophyll                 Leaf

Nitrogen                     Bacteria

Cuscuta                      Parasite

Animals                      Heterotrophs

Insects                        Pitcher plant

Question 10. Mark ‘T’ if the statement is true and ‘F’ if it is false:

(i) Carbon dioxide is released during photosynthesis. (T/F)

(ii) Plants which synthesise their food are called saprotrophs. (T/F)

(iii) The product of photosynthesis is not a protein. (T/F)

(iv) Solar energy is converted into chemical energy during photosynthesis. (T/F)

Answer 10 (i) Carbon dioxide is released during photosynthesis. (False)

(ii) Plants which synthesise their food themselves are called saprotrophs. (False)

(iii) The product of photosynthesis is not a protein. (True)

(iv) Solar energy is converted into chemical energy during photosynthesis. (True)

Question 11. Choose the correct option from the following:

Which part of the plant takes in carbon dioxide from the air for photosynthesis?

(i) Root hair (ii) Stomata (iii) Leaf veins (iv) Petals

Answer 11 Stomata

Question 12. Choose the correct option from the following:

Plants take carbon dioxide from the atmosphere mainly through their:

(i) roots (ii) stem (iii) flowers (iv) leaves

Answer 12 Leaves

Question 13. Why do farmers grow many fruits and vegetable crops inside large green houses? What are the advantages to the farmers?

Answer 13

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