An adjective is a word which is used to describe, identify, modify or quantify nouns or pronouns.
Adjectives have three degrees that compare one thing to another. These three degree of adjectives express the intensity of adjective in increasing order.
The three degrees of adjectives are :
Positive degree is the base of the adjective. It denotes the mere existence of a quality.
Examples of Positive degree
(1) Tina is wearing a red dress.
(2) leopard runs fast.
(3) The big dog chased the cat.
(4) There are four pencils in the box.
(5) She is a beautiful girl.
(6) Mohan is an intelligent boy.
(7) The colourful butterfly is sitting on flowers.
(8) We ordered two burgers.
(9) Reema is short in height.
(10) My pencil box is square in shape.
Comparative degree is used to compare one noun or pronoun to another noun or pronoun. In these instances, only two items are being compared.
Words like than and to are used after a comparative adjective in a sentence to show comparison of the two things.
Noun (subject) + verb + comparative adjective + than + noun (object).
Example of comparative degree
(1) This box is smaller than one i found.
(2) Rohan is smarter than Abhishek.
(3) My hair is longer than my sister.
(4) John is thinner than Bob.
(5) He is more intelligent than his brother.
(6) Apples are healthier than chips
(7) Russia is larger than France.
(8) The weather is hotter than yesterday.
(9) His car is cheaper than mine.
(10) My watch is more expensive than yours.
Superlative degree is used to compare two or more nouns. They’re also used to compare one thing against the rest of a group. It expresses highest intensity (quality or quantity) of a thing in comparison to other things.
Words like of and in are used after a superlative adjective in a sentence. An article ‘the’ should be used before a superlative degree when modifying a particular noun.
Noun (subject) + verb + the + superlative adjective + noun (object).
Example of superlative degree
(1) Rohan is tallest in the class.
(2) This road is busiest of all the roads.
(3) Mount Everest is the highest mountain in the world.
(4) Seema is the most intelligent girl in the class.
(5) My house is the largest one in our area.
(6) The leopard runs fastest of all animals.
(7) Jupiter is the biggest planet in our solar system.
(8) North pole is the coldest place on Earth.
(9) This is the most interesting book I have ever read.
(10) Our english teacher is the best teacher in school.
Rules for degree of Adjectives
Adjectives that are just one syllable
(a) when two objects or persons are compared, a comparative degree is made by putting ‘er’ to the adjective word in association with the word ‘than’. We add only r to the words ending with ‘e‘.
When more than two objects or persons are compared, the superlative degree is made by putting ‘est’ to the adjective word. We add only st to the Words ending with ‘e‘.
smart – smarter – smartest.
black – blacker – blackest
late – later – latest
strange – stranger – strangest
old – older – oldest
wise – wiser – wisest
(b) If an adjective ends with a consonant + vowel + consonant , we double the consonant and add –er for the comparative form and double the consonant and add –est for the superlative form.
big – bigger – biggest
hot – hotter – hottest
thin – thinner – thinnest
sad – sadder – saddest
flat – flatter – flattest
Adjectives that are of two syllable
When the adjective ends in consonant + y , we drop y and add ier for the comparative form and iest for the superlative form.
dirty – dirtier -dirtiest
ugly – uglier – ugliest
pretty – prettier – prettiest
Happy – happier -happiest
healthy – healthier – healthiest
heavy – heavier – heaviest
Adjectives of two or more syllable
When the adjective is long i.e. of two or more syllable, we add the word more to form comparative form and most to form superlative form.
Useful – more useful – most useful
beautiful – more beautiful – most beautiful
important – more important – most important
interesting –more interesting – most interesting
active – more active – most active
confused – more confused – most confused
difficult – more difficult – most difficult
famous – more famous- most famous
expensive – more expensive – most expensive
popular – more popular – most popular
Irregular Degree of Adjectives
There are some adjectives which do not form comparative and superlative forms. They have irregular degree of adjectives and do not follow any rule.
good – better – best
bad – worse -worst
much – much – most
Late – later – last
Far – Farther – farthest
Little – Less – Least
|beautiful||more beautiful||most beautiful|
|intelligent||more intelligent||most intelligent|
|famous||more famous||most famous|
|confused||more confused||most confused|
|handsome||more handsome||most handsome|
|popular||more popular||most popular|
|favourite||more favourite||most favourite|
|active||more active||most active|
|brilliant||more brilliant||most brilliant|
|faithful||more faithful||most faithful|
|boring||more boring||most boring|