Conjunctions or joining words
A conjunction is a part of speech that enables us to connect two words, sentences, phrases or clauses together.
Example: but, and, for, nor, or, yet, because, for, so, either, therefore, either, neither, if, although, whereas, after, before, till, whereas, since, unless, until, when, where, while etc.
Types of conjunctions
There are three major types of conjunctions:
1) Coordinating Conjunction
2) Subordinating Conjunction
3) Correlative Conjunction
(1) Coordinating Conjunction
A coordinating conjunction joins words, phrases or clauses having similar grammatical structure. There are 7 types of coordinating conjunctions used in English Grammar: But, Or, So, And, For, Nor, Yet.
1) I like sugar in my tea, but I don’t.
2) I like oats but my sister likes cornflakes.
3) He not only plays the guitar but also the drums.
4) Would you like meat or vegetables for lunch.
5) You can have chocolate or vanilla ice cream.
6) The treasure was hidden in the cave or in the underground.
7) It is rainy today, so take your umbrella.
8) The children forgot their homework, so the teacher was angry with them.
9) It was very warm, so we all went swimming.
10) Listen to the question and answer in complete sentences.
11) I’ve a brother and a sister.
12) Pizza and burgers are my favourite snacks.
13) She must have been very hungry, for she ate everything immediately.
14) He’s overweight, for he eats too many cakes and biscuits.
15) She requested him for help but he didn’t help her.
16) She doesn’t like coffee, nor does she like tea.
17) Tina doesn’t eat cake, nor does he eat biscuits.
18) Neither my brother nor my sister own a car.
19) He is overweight, yet he continues to eat lots of junk food.
20) He’s seventy-two, yet he still plays football regularly.
21) I always take a book to the beach, yet I never seem to turn a single page.
(2) Subordinating Conjunction
(3) Correlative Conjunction
Correlative conjunctions work in pairs to join together words or phrases that have equal importance within a sentence. The common correlative conjunctions are Either …. or, Neither .… nor, Whether.… or Both …. and, Not only .… but also, such….that
1) You can have either chocolate or vanilla cake.
2) He may buy either a bag or a pencil box.
3) You will find her either in the kitchen or in the study room
4) She likes neither tea nor coffee.
5) Rita likes neither milk nor curd.
6) Neither Rahul nor his brother are intelligent.
7) He must finish his work, whether he likes it or not.
8) Do you care whether she is sick or dead?
9) I didn’t know whether you want cake or biscuit in tea time.
10) Sunita can both read and write.
11) The company deals in both hardware and software products.
12) Both pink and blue are my favourite colours.
13) Not only Sara but also Nitin is from India.
14) I will not only eat the cake but also the cookies.
15) He not only studies hard but also performed well in exams.
16) It is such a small room that i do not space to keep things.
17) She is such a beautiful girl that everyone like her.
18) He is such a smart boy that he clears every entrance exam.