Assertive Sentence states a fact, habitual action, universal truth, views or opinion. They state, assert, or declare something. They are also called declarative sentences.
☞ They can be either negative or affirmative.
☞ It always end with a full stop or period.
Examples of Assertive Sentences
(1) You are a clever person.
(2) She is very beautiful.
(3) Students are reading their books quietly.
(4) He is tired today due to over time.
(5) India is the second most populated country in the world.
(6) The cow is a very useful animal.
(7) This is a very old book.
(8) Today I will eat bread and butter in the breakfast.
(9) My father is an IPS Officer.
(10) It is difficult for an old man to climb so many stairs.
(11) Oil is lighter than water.
(12) Sachin Tendulkar is the best cricket player.
(13) The children are playing in the park.
(14) The water is unfit for drinking.
(15) Rohan is a brilliant artist.
(16) We should respect our National Flag.
(17) My garden has many flowers.
(18) We should always save water.
(19) This was an easy essay.
(20) Taj Mahal is a beautiful monument.
An Exclamatory Sentence expresses a sudden or strong feeling, happiness, sadness, joy or surprise.
It ends with an exclamation mark (!)
Exclamatory sentences generally start with the exclamatory pronouns “what” or “how”
Exclamatory sentences can include interjections like “wow”, “ouch” , ” Hurrah”, “Alas “, “Oh no” to express a strong feeling or emotion.
Structure of Exclamatory Sentence
(1) What/How + adjective+ noun+ subject+ verb+ !
(2) (Exclamatory word+ !)+ subject+ verb+ object+ extra
Example of Exclamatory sentences
(1) What a beautiful day !
(2) I got the first prize in competition !
(3) What a loud noise it was !
(4) How humid the weather is !
(5) Such a beautiful dress this is !
(6) How nice to see you!
(7) The food is awesome!
(8) Don’t talk, go away !
(9) You are late again !
(10) You are so sweet !
(11) I’m really going to miss this place!
(12) You did a really good job!
(13) My God! You made such a big mistake.
(14) What a big house this is!
(15) It was a great movie!
(16) What a smart lady she is !
(17) I am very angry with you!
(18) She is such a quiet girl!
(19) I am extremely sorry for your loss!
(20) What a pleasant surprise!
Rules for conversion of Assertive Sentences to Exclamatory Sentences
Rule 1 : If we find the word “A/An” before “Very/great/most / fine” in assertive sentence, we will start exclamatory sentences with the word “What”.
Assertive : Subject + verb + a + very/great/most + adjective/ adverb + ex
Exclamatory: What + a/ an + adjective/ adverb + ext. + subject + verb!
Rule 2 : If we find the word “Very/great/fine” without “A/An” placed before very /fine/ great in the assertive sentences, we will start writing exclamatory sentences with the word “How”.
Assertive : Subject + verb + very/great/most + adjective/ adverb + ext.
Exclamatory: how + adjective/ adverb + ext. + subject + verb!
Rule 3 : If we find the word I wish in an assertive sentence then it is replaced by ‘If/had/would that/o that’ in exclamatory sentences.
Assertive : Subject + wish + subject + verb + ext.
Exclamatory : If + subject + verb + ext.!
Assertive : Subject + wish + subject + could + verb + ext.
Exclamatory : would that + subject + could + verb + ext!
Rule 4 : “It is a matter of joy that” or “It is joyful that” in an assertive sentence is replaced by word Hurrah in exclamatory sentence.
Rule 5 : It is a matter of sorrow/regret that’ in an assertive sentence is replaced by alas in an exclamatory sentence.
Examples for conversion of Assertive sentences to Exclamatory sentences
- It is a very interesting novel.
- What an interesting novel it is!
- Rohan is a great chess player .
- What a great chess player Rohan is!
- It is a fine art work.
- What a fine art work it is!
- The boy was very smart.
- How smart the boy was!
- Sheena has a beautiful dress.
- What a beautiful dress Sheena has!
- The weather is pleasant.
- How pleasant the weather is!
- They are excited for the picnic.
- How excited they are for the picnic!
- The man is very cunning.
- How cunning the man is!
- It was a very fair decision .
- What a fair decision it was!
- I wish I could fly an aeroplane.
- If I could fly an aeroplane!
- I wish I were a king.
- If I were a king!
- I wish I had a new car.
- If I had a new car!
- I wish I were a Prime Minister of this country.
- If I were a Prime Minister of this country!
- We wish we could sit there.
- Would that we could sit there!
- I wish I had not misbehaved with her.
- Would that I had not misbehaved with her!
- I wish I were a teacher.
- O that I could be a teacher!
- I wish I had a bungalow like this.
- Had I a bungalow like this!
- I wish I had a healthy body.
- O for a healthy body!
- I wish I could be a child again.
- Would that I could be a child again!
- It is a matter of joy that we have won the inter school quiz competition.
- Hurrah! We have won the inter school quiz competition.
- We rejoice that we have placed as first in the match.
- Hurrah! we have placed as first in the match.
- It is a matter of regret that he has again failed in entrance exam.
- Alas ! He has again failed in entrance exam.
- It is a matter of sorrow that such a humble man passed away last night.
- Alas! Such a humble man passed away last night.
- It is sad that he cheated by his partner.
- Alas! He is cheated by his partner.
- It is a matter of praise that you have done well.
- Bravo! Well done!