Question 1 Define biosphere reserve?
Question 2 State the role of biosphere reserve?
Question 3 What is the purpose of establishing several biosphere reserves?
Question 4 Name biosphere reserves in India?
Question 5 Name the three zones of biosphere reserve?
Question 6 Explain core zone of biosphere reserve?
Question 7 Explain buffer zone of biosphere reserve?
Question 8 Explain transition zone of biosphere reserve?
A biosphere reserve is a large,protected area of land meant for the conservation of wildlife,biodiversity and the traditional lifestyles of the tribal people living in the area.
A special feature of the protected areas called Biosphere reserve is that local people or tribals are an integral part of it.
Biosphere reserve jointly manage biodiversity and economic activity.
A biosphere reserve is a very large conservation area which is divided into 3 zones:
1)The innermost zone called as core zone:The core zone of a biosphere reserve is devoted to strict protection o f wildlife.No human activity is allowed in the core zone.
2)The middle zone is called buffer zone:Buffer zone surrounds the core zone.In the buffer zone only limited human activity is allowed.Research,environmental education and tourism are allowed in the buffer zone.
3)The outermost zone is called transition zone:Several non-destructive human activities such as settlements of tribals and cultivation of crops are allowed which are necessary to sustain life of tribals.
In a biosphere reserve
1)The conservation of wildlife and biodiversity are combined with the sustainable use of natural resources for the benefit of local people.
2)No commercial exploitation of natural resources is allowed in a biosphere reserve.
There are 14 Biosphere reserves in India.
1)Great Nicobar Biosphere reserve
2)Kaziranga Biosphere reserves
3)Sunderbans Biosphere reserves
4)Kanha Biosphere reserves
5)Pachmarhi Biosphere reserves
Role of Biosphere Reserves
1)It help in the conservation of wildlife of the area.
2)It help to maintain the biodiversity of the area.
3)It help to preserve the natural ecological conditions in the area.
4)It promotes the economic development of the area which is compatible with conservation objectives.
5)It maintains the lifestyle of the tribal people living in the area.
6)It prevents the commercial exploitation of the area.
7)It provides opportunities for scientific research,environment education and tourism.