Chapter 2 Components of Food

By | July 13, 2018

NCERT Solutions for Chapter 2 Components of Food from Class 6

Question 1 Name the major nutrients in our food.

Answer : The major nutrients in our food are Carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins and  minerals.

Question 2 Name the following:
(a) The nutrients which mainly give energy to our body.
(b) The nutrients that are needed for the growth and maintenance of our body.
(c) A vitamin required for maintaining good eyesight.
(d) A mineral that is required for keeping our bones healthy.

Answer :
a) Carbohydrates and fats
b) Proteins
c) Vitamin A
d) Vitamin D

Question 3 Name two foods each rich in:
(a) Fats
(b) Starch
(c) Dietary fibre
(d) Protein

Answer :

a) Ghee, Butter
b) Potato, sugar
c) Vegetables, fruits
d) Egg, cheese

Question 4 Tick (√) the statements that are correct.
(a) By eating rice alone, we can fulfil nutritional requirement of our body. ( )
(b) Deficiency diseases can be prevented by eating a balanced diet. ( )
(c) Balanced diet for the body should contain a variety of food items. ( )
(d) Meat alone is sufficient to provide all nutrients to the body. ( )

Answer :
(a) By eating rice alone, we can fulfill nutritional requirement of our body. (×)

(b) Deficiency diseases can be prevented by eating a balanced diet. (√)
(c) Balanced diet for the body should contain a variety of food items. (√ )
(d) Meat alone is sufficient to provide all nutrients to the body. (×)

Question 5 Fill in the blanks.
(a) ______________ is caused by deficiency of Vitamin D.
(b) Deficiency of ______________ causes a disease known as beri-beri.
(c) Deficiency of Vitamin C causes a disease known as ______________.
(d) Night blindness is caused due to deficiency of ____________ in our food.

Answer :
a) Rickets
b) Vitamin B1
c) Scurvy
d) Vitamin A

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