**Class 6 Mathematics Chapter 3 |**

Playing with Numbers | Exercise 3.6

Playing with Numbers | Exercise 3.6

**Question 1:** Find the H.C.F. of the following numbers:

(a) 18, 48

(b) 30, 42

(c) 18, 60

(d) 27, 63

(e) 36, 84

(f) 34, 102

(g) 70, 105, 175

(h) 91, 112, 49

(i) 18, 54, 81

(j) 12, 45, 75

**Answer: **

**(a)** Factors of 18 = 2 x 3 x 3

Factors of 48 = 2 x 2 x 2 x 2 x 3

H.C.F. (18, 48) = 2 x 3 = 6

**(b)** Factors of 30 = 2 x 3 x 5

Factors of 42 = 2 x 3 x 7

H.C.F. (30, 42) = 2 x 3 = 6

**(c)** Factors of 18 = 2 x 3 x 3

Factors of 60 = 2 x 2 x 3 x 5

H.C.F. (18, 60) = 2 x 3 = 6

**(d)** Factors of 27 = 3 x 3 x 3

Factors of 63 = 3 x 3 x 7

H.C.F. (27, 63) = 3 x 3 = 9

**(e)** Factors of 36 = 2 x 2 x 3 x 3

Factors of 84 = 2 x 2 x 3 x 7

H.C.F. (36, 84) = 2 x 2 x 3 = 12

** (f)** Factors of 34 = 2 x 17

Factors of 102 = 2 x 3 x 17

H.C.F. (34, 102) = 2 x 17 = 34

**(g)** Factors of 70 = 2 x 5 x 7

Factors of 105 = 3 x 5 x 7

Factors of 175 = 5 x 5 x 7

H.C.F. (70,105,175) = 5 x 7 = 35

**(h)** Factors of 91 = 7 x 13

Factors of 112 = 2 x 2 x 2 x 2 x 7

Factors of 49 = 7 x 7

H.C.F. ( 91, 112,49) = 1 x 7 = 7

**(i)** Factors of 18 = 2 x 3 x 3

Factors of 54 = 2 x 3 x 3 x 3

Factors of 81 = 3 x 3 x 3 x 3

H.C.F. = 3 x 3 = 9

** (j)** Factors of 12 = 2 x 2 x 3

Factors of 45 = 3 x 3 x 5

Factors of 75 = 3 x 5 x 5

H.C.F. = 1 x 3 = 3

**Question 2:** What is the H.C.F. of two consecutive: (a) numbers? (b) even numbers? (c) odd numbers?

**Answer 2:** (a) H.C.F. of two consecutive numbers be 1.

(b) H.C.F. of two consecutive even numbers be 2.

(c) H.C.F. of two consecutive odd numbers be 1.

**Question 3:** H.C.F. of co-prime numbers 4 and 15 was found as follows by factorisation: 4 = 2 x 2 and 15 = 3 x 5 since there is no common prime factor, so H.C.F. of 4 and 15 is 0. Is the answer correct? If not, what is the correct H.C.F.?

**Answer 3:** No. The correct H.C.F. is 1