Question 1 Answer the following questions briefly.
(a) Which winds bring rainfall in India? Why is it so important?
(b) Name the different seasons in India.
(c) What is natural vegetation?
(d) Name the different types of vegetation found in India?
(e) What is the difference between evergreen forest and deciduous forest?
(f) Why is tropical rainforest also called evergreen forest?
(a) The monsoon winds bring rainfall in India. Agriculture in India depends on rains. Good monsoons mean sufficient rain and a good crop. Hence, monsoon winds is very importantly.
(b) The different seasons in India are :
(c) Grasses, shrubs, and trees which grow of their own without any interference or help from mankind constitute natural vegetation.
(d) Different types of vegetation found in India
1) Tropical Rain Forests
2) Tropical Deciduous Forests
3) Thorny Forests
4) Mountain Vegetation
5) Mangrove Forests
|Evergreen Forest||Deciduous forest|
|They are very dense forest.||These forest are less dense.|
|They shed their leaves at different times of the year.||They shed their leaves at a particular time of a year.|
|These forest are found in areas which receive heavy rainfall.||These forest are found in large part of the country.|
|Important trees found in these forests are ebony, mahogany, rosewood.||Important trees found in these forests are sal, teak, peepal, neem and shisham.|
|These forest are found in Andaman and Nicobar island, parts of North-Eastern states and narrow strip of the western slope of western Ghats.||These forests are found in Madhya Pradesh ,Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Orissa, Chandigarh etc.|
(f) Tropical rainforest also called evergreen forest because as they shed their leaves at different times of the year and hence remain green throughout the year.
Question 2 Tick the correct answers.
(a) The world’s highest rainfall occurs in
(b) Mangrove forests can thrive in………
(i) saline water
(iii) polluted water.
(c) Mahogany and rosewood trees are found in………..
(i) mangrove forests
(ii) tropical deciduous forests
(iii) tropical evergreen forests
(d) Wild goats and snow leopards are found in…………
(i) Himalayan region
(ii) Peninsular region
(iii) Gir forests.
(e) During the South-west monsoon period, the moisture-laden winds blow from
(i) land to sea
(ii) sea to land
(iii) plateau to plains.
(a) (iii) Mawsynram
(b) (i) saline water
(c) (iii) tropical evergreen forests
(d) (i) Himalayan region
(e) (ii) sea to land
Question 3 Fill in the blanks.
(a) Hot and dry winds known as __________ blow during the day in the
(b) The states of Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu receive a great amount of
rainfall during the season of __________ .
(c) __________ forest in Gujarat is the home of __________ .
(d) __________ is a well-known species of mangrove forests.
(e) __________ are also called monsoon forests.
(a) Hot and dry winds known loo as blow during the day in the summers.
(b) The states of Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu receive a great amount of rainfall during the season of retreating monsoon.
(c) Gir forest in Gujarat is the home of Asiatic lions.
(d) Sundari is a well-known species of mangrove forests.
(e) Tropical deciduous forests are also called monsoon forests.