Question 1 Answer the following questions briefly.
(a) Name the major physical divisions of India.
(b) India shares its land boundaries with seven countries. Name them.
(c) Which two major rivers fall into the Arabian Sea?
(d) Name the delta formed by the Ganga and the Brahmaputra.
(e) How many States and Union Territories are there in India? Which states have a common capital?
(f) Why do a large number of people live in the Northern plains?
(g) Why is Lakshadweep known as a coral island?
(a) The major physical divisions of India are :-
(b) The countries with which India share its land boundaries are :-
(c) The two major rivers fall into the Arabian Sea are Narmada and Tapi.
(d) The delta formed by the Ganga and the Brahmaputra is Sunderban Delta.
(e) In India there are 28 states and 8 Union territories. Punjab and Haryana have a common capital Chandigarh.
(f) Large number of people live in the Northern plains because of the following reasons:
1) Fertile land provides facilities for agriculture.
2) Means of transport and communication are developed here.
3) More employment opportunities
4) Water is easily available.
(g) Lakshadweep known as a coral island because it is made up of corals. Corals are skeletons of tiny marine animals called polyps. When the living polyps die , their skeletons are left. Other polyps grow on top of the hard skeleton which grows higher and higher forming the coral island.
Question 2 Tick the correct answers.
(a) The southernmost Himalayas are known as
(i) Shiwaliks (ii) Himadri (iii) Himachal
(b) Sahyadris is also known as
(i) Aravali (ii) Western Ghats (iii) Himadri
(c) The Palk Strait lies between the countries
(i) Sri Lanka and Maldives
(ii) India and Sri Lanka
(iii) India and Maldives
(d) The Indian islands in the Arabian Sea are known as
(i) Andaman and Nicobar Islands
(ii) Lakshadweep Islands
(e) The oldest mountain range in India is the
(i) Aravali hills (ii) Western ghats (iii) Himalayas
(a) (i) Shiwaliks
(b) (ii) Western Ghats
(c) (ii) India and Sri Lanka
(d) (ii) Lakshadweep Islands
(e) (i) Aravali hills
Question 3 Fill in the blanks.
(a) India has an area of about _________.
(b) The Greater Himalayas are also known as _________.
(c) The largest state in India in terms of area is _________.
(d) The river Narmada falls into the _________ sea.
(e) The latitude that runs almost halfway through India is _________.
(a) India has an area of about 3.28 million sq. km
(b) The Greater Himalayas are also known as Himadri
(c) The largest state in India in terms of area is Rajasthan
(d) The river Narmada falls into the Arabian sea.
(e) The latitude that runs almost halfway through India is The Tropic of Cancer.