Question 1 Answer the following questions briefly.
(a) What are the three components of a map?
(b) What are the four cardinal directions?
(c) What do you mean by the term ‘the scale of the map’?
(d) How are maps more helpful than a globe?
(e) Distinguish between a map and a plan.
(f) Which map provides detailed information?
(g) How do symbols help in reading maps?
(a) The three components of a map are :
(b) The four cardinal directions are—North, South, East and West.
(c) The term ‘the scale of the map’ means the ratio between the actual distance on the ground and the distance shown on the map. These are of two types – Small scale and Large scale map.
(d) Maps are more helpful than globes:
(1) They show places in great details and provide more information.
(2) They are much easy to carry.
(3) They are easier to use when calculating distance.
(4) A map allow us to look at the whole earth at the same time.
(5) It helps us to understand where each country lies in relation to the others.
|It is a drawing of the earth’s surface or a part of it drawn on a flat surface according to a scale.||It is a drawing of a small area on a large scale.|
|It gives us lots of information||Details are given in the form of symbols.|
(f) Large scale map provides detailed information.
(g) Symbols are very useful in reading maps. They give lot of information in little space. They are specially useful in a situation when you do not know the local language. We can easily locate a particular landmark with the help of symbol. Even the less educated can understand the information easily.
Question 2 Tick the correct answers.
(a) Maps showing distribution of forests are
(i) Physical map (ii) Thematic Map (iii) Political map
(b) The blue colour is used for showing
(i) Water bodies (ii) Mountains (iii) Plains
(c) A compass is used –
(i) To show symbols
(ii) To find the main direction
(iii) To measure distance
(d) A scale is necessary
(i) For a map (ii) For a sketch (iii) For symbols
(a) (ii) Thematic Map
(b) (i) Water bodies
(c) (ii) To find the main direction
(d) (i) For a map