Question 1 What do you understand by the word ‘government’? List five ways in which you think the government affects your daily life.
Answer Government is an organisation which takes decisions and makes laws for the citizens of a country.
The five ways in which the government affects our daily life are:
(1) It provides medical facilities.
(2) It helps in building roads and schools.
(3) It protect our boundaries
(4) It supplies water and electricity.
(5) It reduces and fixes prices of essential commodities.
Question 2 Why do you think the government needs to make rules for everyone in the form of laws?
Answer The government needs to make rules for everyone in the form of laws as:
(1) To provide equality and justice to all.
(2) To maintain peace.
(3) To administer the country efficiently.
(4) To prevent the misuse of power.
(5) It ensure the security of Nation.
(6) It helps in the proper functioning of government.
Question 3 Name two essential features of a democratic government.
Answer The two essential features of a democratic government are :
(1) People elect their candidates through elections.
(2) Government has to answer for its actions.
Question 4 What was the suffrage movement? What did it accomplish?
Answer The movement for voting rights to women came to be known as the suffrage movement. All over Europe and USA, women and the poor have had to fight for participation in the government. Women’s struggle to vote got strengthened during the first world war. During the War, many men were away fighting and because of this women were called upon to do work that was earlier considered men’s work. Thus, women got the opportunity to show their capability. They began demanding the right to vote for all women. The result was positive. American women got the right to vote in 1920 while women in the UK got the right to vote on the same terms as men some years later, in 1928.
Question 5 Gandhiji strongly believed that every adult in India should be given the right to vote. However, a few people don’t share his views. They feel that illiterate people, who are mainly poor, should not be given the right to vote. What do you think? Do you think this would be a form of discrimination? Give five points to support your view and share these with the class.
Answer Yes in my point of view this is a kind of discrimination as
(1) People are not illiterate or poor by their choice.
(2) Every adult is given right to vote.
(3) It is totally a conflict to the idea of equality of democracy.
(4) Wealth is not the criterion of good judgment.
(5) They will feel neglected as they they will not be able to participate in the Government.