NCERT Solutions for Class 10 English First Flight
Chapter 7 Glimpses of India
Oral Comprehension Check (Page 86)
Question 1. What are the elders in Goa nostalgic about?
Answer The elders in Goa are nostalgic about the good old Portuguese days, the Portuguese and their famous loaves of bread.
Question 2. Is bread-making still popular in Goa? How do you know?
Answer Yes, bread making is still popular in Goa.The author said that the eaters have gone away leaving the makers behind. He described about the existence of time old furnaces and their still burning fire.The Goan society is still bread mixers, moulders and bakers.
Question 3. What is the baker called?
Answer The baker is called a pader in Goa.
Question 4. When would the baker come everyday? Why did the children run to meet him?
Answer The baker came twice every day- once when early in the morning and the second time when he returned after emptying his huge basket. The children ran to meet him as they wanted to have bread bangles, which they choose carefully.
Oral Comprehension Check (Page 87)
Question 1. Match the following. What is a must
(i) as marriage gifts? – cakes and bolinhas
(ii) for a party or a feast? – sweet bread called bol
(iii) for a daughter’s engagement? – bread
(iv) for Christmas? – sandwiches
1. as marriage gifts – sweet bread called bol
2. for a party or a feast – bread
3. for a daughter’s engagement – sandwiches
4. for Christmas – cakes and bolinhas
Question 2. What did the bakers wear:
(i) in the Portuguese days?
(ii) when the author was young?
(i) The bakers were usually dressed up in a peculiar dress called kabai. It was a single piece long frock reaching down to the knees.
(ii) The author saw the bakers wearing a shirt and trousers which were shorter than full length ones and longer than half pants.
Question 3. Who invites the comment — “he is dressed like a pader”? Why?
Answer Any one who is wearing a half pant which reaches just below the knees invites this comment. This is because the baker were known as padar and they wore such half pants.
Question 4. Where were the monthly accounts of the baker recorded?
Answer Monthly accounts of the baker were recorded on some wall in the house with a pencil.
Question 5. What does a ‘jackfruit-like appearance’ mean?
Answer A jackfruit-like appearance mean plump physique.
Thinking about the Text (Page 88)
Question 1 Which of these statements are correct?
(i) The pader was an important person in the village in old times.
(ii) Paders still exist in Goan villages.
(iii) The paders went away with the Portuguese.
(iv) The paders continue to wear a single-piece long frock.
(v) Bread and cakes were an integral part of Goan life in the old days.
(vi) Traditional bread-baking is still a very profitable business.
(vii) Paders and their families starve in the present times.
Question 2. Is bread an important part of Goan life? How do you know this?
Answer Yes, bread is an important part of Goan life. It is needed for marriage gift ( Sweet breads known as the bol), in parties and Christmas celebration (in the form of cakes and bolinhas) , daughter’s engagement ( for preparing sandwiches ).The elders were given loaves and the children were given bread-bangles. It is necessary to have breads for every occasion.
Question 3. Tick the right answer. What is the tone of the author when he says the following?
(i) The thud and the jingle of the traditional baker’s bamboo can still be heard in some places. (nostalgic, hopeful, sad)
(ii) Maybe the father is not alive but the son still carries on the family profession. (nostalgic, hopeful, sad)
(iii) I still recall the typical fragrance of those loaves. (nostalgic, hopeful, naughty)
(iv) The tiger never brushed his teeth. Hot tea could wash and clean up everything so nicely, after all. (naughty, angry, funny)
(v) Cakes and bolinhas are a must for Christmas as well as other festivals. (sad, hopeful, matter-of-fact)
(vi) The baker and his family never starved. They always looked happy and prosperous. (matter-of-fact, hopeful, sad)
Question I. In this extract, the author talks about traditional bread-baking during his childhood days. Complete the following table with the help of the clues on the left. Then write a paragraph about the author’s childhood days.
In childhood days, the bread was baked in the furnace.The bakers were called paders. The baker used to be friend and visited the house many times. The jingling thud of his bamboo worked as a alarm for children and woke them from sleep.They ran to meet him for the bread bangles.A special bread with sweet taste was also made.When the baker brings his basket, the children would climb on the parapet but they were pushed aside. Bread bangles were meant for the childrenThe bread seller wore a special dress known as Kabai. Their bills were paid at the end of the month.
Thinking about the Text (Page 92)
Question 1. Where is Coorg?
Answer Coorg is the smallest district of Karnataka. It is located midway between Mysore and Mangalore.
Question 2. What is the story about the Kodavu people’s descent?
Answer Kodavu people are of Arabic origin.Some of the Alexander’s army moved from South along the coast and settled there.They were unable to return to their country and married among the locals.This is the story about the descent of Kodavu people.
Question 3. What are some of the things you now know about
(i) the people of Coorg?
(ii) the main crop of Coorg?
(iii) the sports it offers to tourists?
(iv) the animals you are likely to see in Coorg?
(v) its distance from Bangalore, and how to get there?
(i) The people of Coorg are fiercely independent and have descended from Greek or Arab.They enjoy recounting numerous tales of valour related to their sons and fathers.
(ii) Coffee is the main crop of Coorg.
(iii) The sports that Coorg offers to tourist are river rafting, canoeing, rappelling, rock climbing and mountain biking.
(iv) The animals likely to be seen in Coorg are macaques, Malabar squirrel, langurs, slender loris, elephants.
(v) The distance between Coorg and Bangalore is 260 Km.
Question 4. Here are six sentences with some words in italics. Find phrases from the text that have the same meaning. (Look in the paragraphs indicated)
(i) During monsoons it rains so heavily that tourists do not visit Coorg. (para 2)
(ii) Some people say that Alexander’s army moved south along the coast and settled there. (para 3)
(iii) The Coorg people are always ready to tell stories of their sons’ and fathers’ valour. (para 4)
(iv) Even people who normally lead an easy and slow life get smitten by the high-energy adventure sports of Coorg. (para 6)
(v) The theory of the Arab origin is supported by the long coat with embroidered waist-belt they wear. (para 3)
(vi) Macaques, Malabar squirrels observe you carefully from the tree canopy. (para 7)
1. to keep visitors away
2. As one story goes
3. are more than willing to recount
4. The most laid back individuals become converts to
5. draws support from
6. keep a watchful eye
Thinking about the Language
Question Certain words ‘go together’. Such ‘word friends’ are called collocations. The collocation of a word is ‘the company it keeps’.
For example, look at the paired sentences and phrases below. Which is a common collocation, and which one is odd? Strike out the odd sentence or phrase.
(a) • ‘How old are you?’ • How young are you?’
(b) • a pleasant person or • a pleasant pillow
1. The odd sentence is ‘How young are you?’
2. The odd phrase is ‘a pleasant pillow’.
Question 1. Here are some nouns from the text.
culture monks surprise experience weather tradition
Work with a partner and discuss which of the nouns can collocate with which of the adjectives given below. The first one has been done for you.
unique terrible unforgettable serious ancient wide sudden
(i) culture: unique culture, ancient culture
1. culture: unique culture, ancient culture
2. serious monks, unique monks
3. unique surprise, sudden surprise, unforgettable surprise, terrible surprise
4. unique experience, terrible experience, unforgettable experience, sudden experience
5. terrible weather, unforgettable weather
6. unique tradition, ancient tradition
Question 2 Complete the following phrases from the text. For each phrase, can you find at least one other word that would fit into the blank?
(i) tales of
(iii) a piece of
You may add your own examples to this list.
From the text
1) tales of valour
2) Coastal town
3) a piece of heaven
4) evergreen rainforest
5) Coffee plantation
6) rope bridge
7) wild elephants
1) tales of morality
2) Coastal food
3) a piece of cake
4) evergreen jungle
5) crop plantation
6) Sturdy bridge
7) wild beast
Tea from Assam
Thinking about the Language
Question I. 1. Look at these words: upkeep, downpour, undergo, dropout, walk-in. They are built up from a verb (keep, pour, go, drop, walk) and an adverb or a particle (up, down, under, out, in).
Use these words appropriately in the sentences below. You may consult a dictionary.
(i) A heavy________ has been forecast due to low pressure in the Bay of Bengal.
(ii) Rakesh will _________major surgery tomorrow morning.
(iii) My brother is responsible for the _________of our family property.
(iv) The_______ rate for this accountancy course is very high.
(v) She went to the Enterprise Company to attend a _______ interview.
Question 2. Now fill in the blanks in the sentences given below by combining the verb given in brackets with one of the words from the box as appropriate.
over by through out up down
(i) The Army attempted unsuccessfully to _________ the Government. (throw)
(ii) Scientists are on the brink of a major ____ in cancer research. (break)
(iii) The State Government plans to build a______ for Bhubaneswar to speed up traffic on the main highway. (pass)
(iv) Gautama’s________ on life changed when he realised that the world is full of sorrow. (look)
(v) Rakesh seemed unusually______ after the game. (cast)
Question II. Notice how these -ing and -ed adjectives are used.
(a) Chess is an interesting game. I am very interested in chess.
(b) Going trekking in the Himalayas We are very excited about the this summer is an exciting idea. trek.
(c) Are all your school books this He was bored as he had no boring? friends there.
The -ing adjectives show the qualities that chess, trekking, or these books have: they cause interest, excitement, or boredom in you. The —ed/—en adjectives show your mental state, or your physical state: how you feel in response to ideas, events or things.
1. Think of suitable -ing or -ed adjectives to answer the following questions. You may also use words from those given above.
How would you describe
(i) a good detective serial on television?
(ii) a debate on your favourite topic ‘Homework Should Be Banned’?
(iii) how you feel when you stay indoors due to incessant rain?
(iv) how you feel when you open a present?
(v) how you feel when you watch your favourite programme on
(vi) the look on your mother’s face as you waited in a queue?
(vii) how you feel when tracking a tiger in a tiger reserve forest?
(viii) the story you have recently read, or a film you have seen?
2. Now use the adjectives in the exercise above, as appropriate, to write a paragraph about Coorg.
A trip to the smallest district of Coorg is not only exciting but also very interesting.One can feel excited in the company of beasts, birds etc in the forest.September to March are the best months that will make you healthy and will fill you energy.The season of monsoon is boring.Water games are very much exciting and do not create boredom for the trekkers.People in coorg show much excitement and interest in army.The coorgi Regiment is famous for its valour and courage.The monks wear interesting robes of yellow colour.