Reaction of metal and non-metals with oxygen

Question 1 How do metal oxide differ form non-metal oxide?

Question 2 An element forms an oxide which is acidic in nature.Is the element a metal or a non-metal?

Question 3 An element forms an oxide which is basic in nature.Is the element a metal or a non-metal?

Question 4 What happens when magnesium react with oxygen?

Question 5 What is rust.Write the chemical equation involved?

Question 6 What is the nature os sulphur dioxide?Give reason?

Question 7 What happen when copper vessel is exposed to moist air for a long time?

Question 8 What is the material of green coating when a copper object is exposed to moist air for a long time?

Question 9 What happen when sulphur dioxide is dissolved in water?

Question 10 What happen when magnesium oxide is dissolved in water?

Reaction of metal and non-metals with oxygen

Metals react with oxygen to form metal oxides.These metal oxides are basic in nature.

Metal + Oxygen ————>Metal Oxide

1)When magnesium burns in air,it combines with the oxygen of air to form magnesium oxide(basic oxide)

Magnesium +oxygen ——–>   Magnesium Oxide

2 Mg(s) + O2 (g) —–> 2MgO(s)

Magnesium oxide dissolves in water to form magnesium hydroxide solution.

MgO + H20  —–> Mg(OH)2

Magnesium hydroxide turns red litmus to blue which shows that magnesium oxide is a basic oxide.

2)When sodium burns in air,it combines with the oxygen of air to form sodium oxide(basic oxide)

Sodium +oxygen ——–>    Sodium Oxide

4Na(s) + O2 (g) —>2 Na2O (s)

Sodium oxide dissolves in water to form Sodium hydroxide solution.

Na2O (s) + H20 (l) —> 2NaOH (aq)

3)During the rusting of iron,iron metal combines slowly with the oxygen of air in the presence of water to form a compound called iron oxide.This iron oxide is rust.

3Fe(s) + O2 (g)+ H20 (l) —–> Fe2O3 (s)

4)When a copper object is exposed to moist air for a long time,then copper react with water,carbon dioxide and oxygen present in moist air to form a green coating on the copper object.

The green coating is a mixture of copper hydroxide and copper carbonate which is formed by the action of moist air on copper objects.

The mixture of copper hydroxide and copper carbonate which forms the green coating is known as basic copper carbonate.

The formation of green coating of basic copper carbonate on the surface of copper objects on exposure to moist air is called corrosion of copper.

Non-metals react with oxygen to form non-metal oxides.Non-metal oxides are acidic in nature.They turn blue litmus to red.

1)When sulphur burns in air,it combines with the oxygen of air to form sulphur dioxide (acidic oxide)

S (s) + O2 (g) ——> SO2  (g)

Sulphur dioxide dissolves in water to form sulphurous acid solution

SO2  (g) + H20 (l) —–> H2SO3  (aq)

Sulphurous acid turns blue litmus to red showing it is an acid and that sulphur dioxide is acidic in nature.

If an element forms a basic oxide,then the element will be a metal.

If an element forms an acidic oxide,then the element will be a non-metal.

Metal oxide are basic in nature and form bases on dissolving in water.

Non-metals are acidic in nature and form acids on dissolving in water.

Print Friendly, PDF & Email

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *