Types of crops

Question 1 Name 2 types of crops?

Question 2 What are kharif crops.Give example?

Question 3 What are rabi crops.Give example?

Question 4 Define the term agriculture?

Question 5 If wheat is own in kharif season,what would happen.Explain?

Types of crops

Based on the seasons all the crops are categorised into two main groups:

1)kharif crops

2)Rabi crops

Kharif crops

The crops which are sown in the rainy season are called kharif crops.

The sowing for kharif crop starts in June-July at the beginning of south-west monsoon because these crops need substantial amount of water.

The kharif crops are harvested at the end of monsoon season during September or october.

For Ex:Paddy,maize,millet,soyabean,groundnut,cotton.

Paddy is grown only in rainy season because it requires a lot of water.

If wheat is sown in the kharif season,it will not grow well.This is because wheat plants cannot tolerate too much water of the rainy season.

Rabi crops

The crops grown in the winter season are called rabi crops.

The time period of rabi crops is generally from october-march.

The sowing for rabi crops beings at the beginning of winter and the crops are harvested by march or april.

For Ex:wheat,gram, peas,mustard,linseed etc.

The growing of plants or crops in the field for obtaining food is called agriculture.

 

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